Being Multicellular

Explorations in science and medicine.

Health Risks of the Mines

Until 2001, mining was listed as the most dangerous industry job and in 2010, the Chilean Miners incident that shook the world but have mines been made safer places because of it? I would like to explore the health risks that miners face every day and if anything is being done about it for the International Day for Mine Awareness.

While the 33 Chilean miners were underground, there was risk of the air in the chamber and their inability to move causing blood clots but there are many daily dangers that miners face also: Continue reading “Health Risks of the Mines”


How the Ear Works

I woke up last Wednesday not being able to hear from my right ear. Eventually my hearing went back to normal but it got me thinking about how the ear works.

The ear is split into three parts which are further split into even more parts- is anything simple in biology?

There’s the Outer Ear which partly allows us to locate the source of the sound, like Continue reading “How the Ear Works”

Arab Physicians

I’ve been very interested in physicians who have influenced medicine who weren’t from the ‘traditional’ Western physician background; there have been many pioneering doctors who didn’t study in Greece or Europe! Today, I will explore the influence of Arab Physicians and how their influence led to Europe’s own medical renaissance. Enjoy! Continue reading “Arab Physicians”

The Stress Hormone

Cortisol is a steroid hormone made from cholesterol in the two adrenal glands above each kidney. It is best known for its role in the ‘fight or flight’ response and how, in stressful situations, it can increase the body’s energy production temporarily.

The secretion of cortisol is controlled by the hypothalamus, the pituitary gland and the adrenal gland [2]. When there are low cortisol levels in the blood, Continue reading “The Stress Hormone”

What Is Locked In Syndrome?

Locked In Syndrome is also known as cerebromedullaspinal disconnection, de-efferented state and pseudocoma [1] and is a rare neurological disorder where the patient is conscious, awake and retain their sleep-wake cycles but can’t move or speak due to having complete paralysis of all of their voluntary muscles. The cognitive ability of the individual which is the ability to perceive information, their memory and reasoning remain unaffected which allows the individual to be able to sustain some form of communication by blinking. Continue reading “What Is Locked In Syndrome?”

Genetics in Eating Disorders

Eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder all have many possible genes that predispose the individual to the particular disorder in accompaniment to the main psychiatric aspect. Is it the media and unrealistic magazine images that ‘encourage’ this disorder or something that is predetermined by our DNA? Continue reading “Genetics in Eating Disorders”

What is Raynaud’s?- Raynaud’s Awareness Month.

Raynaud’s is a disease that causes parts of the body but usually the fingers and toes to feel numb and cold due to cold temperatures and stress. Other  affected areas may include the ears, nose, lips and nipple [2] It is quite a common condition with 20% of the adult population having it worldwide and 10 million being estimated to have it in the UK [2]. Continue reading “What is Raynaud’s?- Raynaud’s Awareness Month.”

It’s OCD Week of Action and I wanted to say…

Everyday, we hear phrases like, “I’m so OCD!” or “Mind my OCD!” and we laugh about it because it’s funny to make fun ourselves and what is wrong with us (for some reason) but, the thing is, how many of us really know what it is like to have OCD? Continue reading “It’s OCD Week of Action and I wanted to say…”

Why Do People Sleepwalk?

Definition: a sleep disorder characterized by walking or other activity while seemingly still asleep- Psychology Today

Synonyms: somnambulism, parasomnia

Sleep walking usually occurs when a person is in deep sleep and most sleep walking episodes last for less than ten minutes. 30% of all adults are thought to have sleep walked at least once in their lives. Sleep walking itself is only one of the complex behaviours carried out while a person is asleep like sitting up in bed and looking around, some even drive! Why does this happen? Continue reading “Why Do People Sleepwalk?”

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